An introduction to mesothelioma

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mesothelioma is one of the most aggressive forms of cancer. This is a type of cancer that affects the lungs. Mesothelioma is generally caused by asbestos poisoning, where fibers in asbestos are released through the air, which then enters a person’s lungs.

These foreign fibers then adherer to mesothelial cells in the lungs. With time, these healthy cells mutate as a result of the clinging fibers and result in the mesothelioma disease. As mentioned earlier, mesothelioma is a very aggressive form of cancer with one of the poorest prognosis. About 3,000 people are diagnosed with Mesothelioma every year, often diagnosed at stage 3 or stage 4 when things are just a little too late to cure the disease. Beyond even stage 2, a patient predominantly only receives palliative care where the symptoms of the disease are treated, as opposed to the real disease itself being treated.

Mesothelioma is often found in people of a very advanced age. The reason this often happens is because mesothelioma can often take about 35 to 50 years to completely mutate and become cancerous. But once that long gestation period passes, the mutation accelerates at a very fast rate.

There are three types of mesothelioma. They are pleural mesothelioma, peritoneal mesothelioma and pericardial mesothelioma. Pleural mesotheliomais the most common form of mesothelioma and it is one that affects the lungs. Peritoneal mesothelioma is where the intestines and stomach are affected and pericardial mesothelioma is when the heart is affected.

Pericardial mesothelioma is extremely rare. Early symptoms that suggest a person may be affected by mesothelioma include trouble breathing, chest pains, constant nausea, severe cases of anemia and fluid collection inside of the lungs. A person can also suddenly lose a lot of weight when affected by mesothelioma, even if there has been no change to their diet or exercise routine.

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